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Phrase dating and the New Wave

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I just came across a copy of George Alec Effinger's (R.I.P.) story "All the Last Wars at Once," published in 1971 in Universe 1. It contains the earliest occurrence I've yet encountered of the phrase "people of color." (I didn't encounter that phrase 'til the late '80s or early '90s.) Anyone happen to know how far back this phrase has been in common parlance, with the modern meaning?

Unrelatedly: the story's in Terry Carr's The Best Science Fiction of the Year, the year in question being 1971. Carr's introduction to the book states in no uncertain terms that, after half a dozen years, the New Wave was now over. Which surprises me; I think of the New Wave as starting somewhere around '67 and running well into the early '70s, but my grasp of exact publication years during that time is admittedly tenuous.

Anyway, though I'm not sure I agree with him on various philosophical points, I thought Carr said some interesting things in this intro. For example:

I read [a description of] the premiere performance of Stravinski's Rite of Spring; . . . there was . . . a full-scale riot as the members of the audience fought over their differing reactions to the music. "That is what I call a strong aesthetic response," said the narrator.

. . .

Innovations are positive to the extent that they open doors, and an avant garde which seeks to destroy rather than build will only destroy itself all the faster.

. . .

If we ever lacked the literary tools to cope with the riches of our imagination, that's certainly not true now. . . .

Interesting perspectives, especially as we approach what often looks to me like a rebirth of New Wave values and approaches.

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